What’s Makes a Great Stethoscope?

Standard

stethoscopeWhen clamoring around reading stethoscope reviews on the web, they will tell you their opinion on what are the best or worst stethoscopes and even which features they approve or disapprove of.  But does this really help you if you don’t understand the overall total concept of this medical device?  If you don’t grasp how it functions as a whole, then the reviews are largely meaningless drivel as they babble on about each different part, brand, model, or whatever else you don’t understand.  So let’s fix this issue here and now.

What makes a great stethoscope?  First and foremost you have to realize that a stethoscope is basically a giant tube that transfers sound from one end all the way through and up to your ears.  So the main thing is making sure the tube is unobstructed.  Second is you want to make sure the parts that stick into your ear aren’t hard as rocks are too big or too small.  Soft ear tips of the proper size are a must.

In addition, the chest piece should be made of stainless steel.  Don’t cave on this feature and get aluminum.  Stainless steel only.  You need a double chestpiece as well, which means that the single tubing spreads into two channels and into your ears.  Some have two independent chest pieces which is flimsy and quite frankly kind of silly.  This usually means you have two tubes instead of one as well, and volume issues.  You only have so much wiggle room with diaphragm diameter and materials before you have to dig into electronic stethoscopes to further affect the volume abilities.

Other little features are bells that can be aligned on and off so you can keep the stethoscope in your ears but silence the sound coming from the diaphragm.  You can also get covers, lights, holders, and more accessories for your stethoscope as well.

This the overview concept so you’ll at least know what you’re reading about when online reading reviews.  Go forth and choose wisely.

Elderly Women in Nursing Homes

Standard

old personDeciding when it’s the right time to go to a nursing home, whether it’s yourself or for your loved one, can be a very challenging and emotional time. This is particularly true for females, such as mothers, grandmothers, and aunts. Although elderly men and women are at similar risks for injuries and illnesses as they age, women can be more susceptible to certain problems. This factor, combined with concern for wellbeing and health, can make it even more difficult to determine when to put your female relative into a nursing home.

Women and Health Risks

Statistics show that as women age, their bones become more brittle, making them particularly prone to fractures. This condition is known as osteoporosis, and it is a condition that is primarily caused by hormonal changes that affect aging females. These changes can lead to a lack of calcium and vitamin D, two vital components for strong and healthy bones. In fact, osteoporosis is the biggest cause of fractures in older adult women.

Unfortunately, brittle bones combined with other factors puts women at a higher risk for injuries due to falls. According to Colorado State University, as women age, their risk of falling increases and becomes higher than it is for men. A big part of this is because bone density decreases because of osteoporosis, which can make women more susceptible to fall-related injuries. In addition, failing to exercise leads to poor muscle tone, a decrease in strength, and loss of bone mass as well as flexibility.

Are Women at Risk?

When looking at statistics, the question arises of whether women in nursing homes or similar facilities are at a higher risk of developing illnesses or injuries than men. The Medicaid Department of the State of New York, along with similar studies, revealed some statistics that can help answer the question of whether women are at in increased risk for injuries and illnesses during their stay in a nursing home. The study concluded that on average, women tend to stay in nursing homes for longer periods of time than men. The study found that on average, the average midpoint facility stay for men was 10 months, as opposed to 15 months for women. Additionally, the average facility stay for men totaled 20 months, with a 30 month total for women.

In summary, the findings found that around 80 percent of nursing homes admissions are women. On average, the age of the women who are being admitted is 82. It was also noted that women at this age are most likely to be single. When compared to men, women generally stay in a nursing home around 50 percent longer than men do.

Addictive Personalities – Stopping Substance Abuse

Standard

soberStopping substance abuse once this has become a major issue is never simple. That being said, it is far from impossible. There are ways to kick any type of addiction to the curb, including both drugs and alcohol.

Of course, some people have a more difficult time with this than others. Despite their best efforts, they don’t know what they should and should not be doing to make the appropriate amount of progress.

Fortunately, there is professional help that can be had. While many people don’t want to admit that they have a problem, once they do it is much easier to get on the right track.

First things first, stopping substance abuse means finding a professional treatment center that provides a high level of service. This is not something that anybody wants to go through, but with professional help it is much easier to find a solution.

As you compare the many facilities, it is important to pay close attention to the finer details such as the types of professionals working there as well as past success. It is nice to know that you will be receiving treatment at a center that is known for providing a high level of service to people from all walks of life.

In many cases, detoxification is the first step in stopping substance abuse. In other words, the body needs to be removed from its reliance on drugs and/or alcohol. Once this process is complete, the patient can move on with the rest of their treatment, such as individual and group counseling.

Somebody who has an addictive personality will find that they are unable to handle a substance abuse issue on their own. While getting help can be scary, it can also be the first step in reaching the point of sober living.

Stopping substance abuse is a challenge, but there is more help available today than ever before. Anybody who finds him or herself in this position needs to consider the available treatment options. From there, it is much easier to leave the addiction in the past and live a healthier life in the future.

Schizophrenia Facts

Standard

 

factsExtended exposure campaigns and heightened scientific awareness have contributed greatly to putting schizophrenia in the medical spotlight. It was only a couple centuries ago when schizophrenics would be locked into rooms and left alone for fear of being tainted by a possessed demon and we now find ourselves in a position to seriously treat this horrific brain disorder as well as pursue potential cures and causes. It’s a good time for scientists in studying schizophrenia, but does the general public really know anything about the disorder?

Even if you’re acquainted, chances are you don’t know these upcoming facts about schizophrenia. Buckle your seatbelt and prepare to be blown away by some tidbits of information that will leave you with knowledge you otherwise wouldn’t have, and really, who can complain about that?

1) Different nations with different standards of living report the same percentage of schizophrenic sufferers.

Here’s something to get you thinking about the state of things. Regardless of nations having different lifestyles, standards of living, and healthcare, each nation tends to report between .5% and 1% of their population having a type of schizophrenia.

2) With prevalence in mind, how does schizophrenia compare to other conditions?

1% doesn’t sound like much, but let’s take the United States of America into consideration when you think about that figure. This estimated rate of prevalence would indicate that 3,139,000 of American citizens suffer from schizophrenia. That is a huge number compared to 350,000 citizens with insulin-dependent diabetes and 35,000 citizens with muscular dystrophy in the USA alone.

3) Schizophrenics make up the largest portion of homeless people than any other cause.

There are an estimated 600,000 homeless citizens in the United States today although this number is difficult to accurately predict. Of these homeless people, over 180,000 of them are diagnosed schizophrenics, making up a third or more of the total homeless population.

4) Schizophrenia, contrary to popular belief, does not include violence as a symptom.

Several media outlets over the previous years have exacerbated a general opinion about individuals suffering from schizophrenia. The common theme is that sufferers are dangerous and will hurt you. This isn’t quite true, as those with schizophrenia will actually tend to be withdrawn and socially distant, opting instead to harm themselves rather than another individual. There will be schizophrenics who harm others just like how perfectly healthy people can harm others, there is no correlated increase in risk.